Genocide survivors share their experiences in Northern Ireland

Date published: 14 October 2019

A series of events to remember the Holocaust, and other genocides, is taking place across Northern Ireland over the next 10 days.

HMD 2020

Starting tomorrow, three genocide survivors will be talking about their experiences at a range of venues, including local schools.

Susan Pollack MBE and Tomáš (Tomi) Reichental survived the Nazi concentration camps of the Holocaust during the Second World War. Safet Vukalić is a Bosnian Muslim who survived persecution in Bosnia in the 1990s, coming to the UK as a refugee in 1994.

Individually, they will be visiting over 50 schools and organisations across Northern Ireland, taking their stories to over 4,000 people. The programme is supported by The Executive Office working closely with the Holocaust Memorial Day Trust (

TEO deputy secretary Mark Browne said: “Susan, Tomáš and Safet have lived through some of the darkest moments in human history. They have borne witness to unimaginable events in the most adverse of circumstances. 

“Their message is poignant, and their stories are personal. But they also show how groups of people were marginalised by genocidal regimes. This is hugely important as we seek to learn about the past, and ensure such actions are never repeated. 

“It will be a privilege to share their experiences and humbling to hear about what they have endured.”

The events are part of the lead up to Holocaust Memorial Day 2020. It takes place on January 27, and next year will mark the 75th anniversary of the liberation of the Auschwitz-Birkenau concentration camp in 1945 and July 2020 will mark 25 years since the genocide in Srebrenica, Bosnia.

Olivia Marks-Woldman, Chief Executive of the Holocaust Memorial Day Trust said:  “Holocaust Memorial Day Trust is pleased to be working once again with the Executive Office to help people across Northern Ireland learn more about the Holocaust and more recent genocides.

“We are delighted that students and community groups have the opportunity to hear from Susan, Tomi and Safet. Their remarkable experiences are a powerful reminder of the consequences of unchecked discrimination and hatred, and should encourage us all to guard against identity-based hostility of any kind.

“As we approach a landmark anniversary year in 2020, 75 years since the liberation of Auschwitz-Birkenau and 25 years since the genocide in Bosnia, we encourage everyone to learn from genocide, for a better future.”

Notes to editors: 

1. Biographies

Susan Pollack

Born Zsuzsanna Blau in 1930 in Felsögöd, Susan’s family were ordered out of their home and sent to the ghetto. From there, they were moved by cattle truck to Auschwitz-Birkenau.

She learned her mother had been sent directly to the gas chambers. Susan was selected to work and remained at the camp for 10 weeks. She was sent to Germany to work as a slave labourer in the armaments factory.

After being liberated in 1945, Susan was hospitalised with tuberculosis, typhoid and malnutrition. She was sent to Sweden to recover before moving to Canada.

Susan now lives in London, and regularly shares testimony in schools across the UK.

Tomáš (Tomi) Reichental

Tomáš Reichental was born in Czechoslovakia in 1935 and lived with his family on their farm until he was eight years old. They went into hiding when laws began to prohibit the movement and rights of Jewish people.

He was captured, along with his brother, mother and grandmother, and taken to the Bergen-Belsen concentration camp in 1944, where he remained until it was liberated in 1945.

Tomáš has lived in Dublin since 1959 and regularly gives talks about his experiences during the war. A documentary about his attempts to meet one of his jailers, Close to Evil, has been shown around the world.

Safet Vukalić

Born in 1976 in Prijedor, Bosnia, Safet is a Bosniak (Bosnian Mulsim) and grew up in a diverse community which included Croats and Serbs.

However, the outbreak of the Bosnian War in 1992 led to conflict between the Serbs and the rest of the population. Bosniaks in particular were targeted by the Serbs and they faced increasing persecution. Safet’s father and brother were taken to a concentration camp, and he feared for their lives – believing they would be killed. They were eventually released under pressure from the international community.

Today, Safet lives with his family in London, where he regularly shares his story with the Holocaust Memorial Day Trust and other organisations to ensure people learn from his experiences.

2. Further information on The Holocaust and subsequent genocides and Holocaust Memorial Day can be found at: and

3. Media enquiries to TEO Press Office on 028 9037 8207. Out of office hours contact the Duty Press Officer on 028 9037 8110.

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